On the other hand, the rams are very hard workers and prolific, being able to cover to field up to 50 bellies without difficulty. These small sheep were known then for their extreme hardiness & produced meat with unmatched tenderness & flavor of any other breed of sheep. [citation needed] At the time, their wool was second only to the Hereford sheep in fineness and quality. Southdown Sheep have extraordinary exploitation conditions that have stimulated the interest of farmers in New Zealand, Australia, the United States, Canada, Argentina, etc. An estimated 110,000 sheep were in Sussex as early as 1341. As well as for producing excellent meat. Gradually surrendering to basic arable farming changes, the Southdown became largely a grassland breed. History: The Southdown Sheep is a medium-hair, dark-skin, antlerless breed originally from the Sussex Hills.. In 1780 John Ellman, realized the potential of these animals and set out to standardize the Southdown breed. It is the oldest of all the British breeds of sheep, with an ideal body conformation for the production of meat. By 1911, 359 registered Southdown flocks contained some 114,495 breeding ewes throughout Britain. Its wool is narrow and is one of the best of all British breeds. North American Southdowns are also taller than their English counterparts. These small sheep were know for their extreme hardiness and produced meat with unmatched tenderness and flavor then any other breed of sheep. While the belly is well covered with wool. The Southdown has been placed on a watch list by the Rare Breeds Survival Trust. [3][4] Baby Doll breeders claim that their sheep are closer to the original English Southdown than are the commercial Southdown sheep being grown today. On the other hand, the skin is fine, soft and pink. One other factor that affected the original bloodlines was that the Southdown could not satisfy the consumer demand for larger meat cuts. The use of artificial fertilizers had gained ground, and the combine-drill, which sowed grain seeds and fertilizer together, rendered close-folding by sheep unnecessary. [dubious – discuss] The large flocks grazed the open downs by day and at dusk they came down to the lower arable land for folding. The swordtails are a very popular freshwater fish. After a four-year search, two small flocks totaling 26 sheep were located; however, this group was not able to provide a sustainable gene pool. The Southdown sheep is a very resistant breed of domestic sheep and is valued primarily for its lambs. On the other hand, the length of the fleece goes from 4 to 6 centimeters. The lambs in addition to registering good weights at birth are characterized by having an excellent initial vigor which ensures a low neonatal mortality. Results that have been verified in the main Cabin of our country where the nutritional base is mainly natural field and improved natural field. There is no objective data of color at a national level, being totally white animals, unlike other carnivorous breeds. [dubious – discuss] The downland soils are chalky and not naturally fertile, so the close-folding by the sheep on small areas manured and trod the soil. Each sheep's registration application was passed before a board of three members of the soon to be formed Olde English Southdown Registry. In the Second World War, the South Downs were commandeered for military training, only fringe farms being left to produce milk for the towns. Their popularity grew because the Southdowns were very easy to take care of and were resilient to many problems for which other sheep are known. [1] The Southdown breed was originally bred by John Ellman of Glynde, near Lewes, East Sussex, about 200 years ago. Therefore it is considered a good option in crossing systems where, in addition to producing meat, you do not want to demean the wool. In California and New Zealand, they are placed in vineyards to graze weeds because they are too short to reach the grapes on the vines. You can also like to read Shetland Sheep. In the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, they were found in large numbers, especially in the South Downs near Lewes. You have entered an incorrect email address! The 20th century brought the establishment of pedigree recording. While the weight of fleece in a normal and dirty state is between 1.5 to 2.5 kg. It also has straight and black legs with flat bones and good quality. It was exported to New Zealand and was used in the breeding of the Canterbury lamb. When Mock and his associates were searching for the stock to start the new registry, only adult Babydoll sheep, two years and older, were accepted in the flock, so they could be judged against the original conformation standards as verified by a veterinarian. No problems of Dystocia (or birthing) have been registered either in the slaughter sheds or in sheep of wool breeds in terminal crossing systems. Southdown Sheep is a double purpose breed, the farmers produce it for their excellent wool. Much remained the same until the First World War, when the Southdown flocks declined with some rapidity, as shepherds and farm workers went off to war. It has now been divided into two sub-races: The Southdown of today’s commercial producers is larger than the “traditional” Southdown of years ago. The system reached its zenith from about 1845 to 1880. With the gradual introduction of new crops such as field turnips, swedes, kohl rabi and other forage crops, the folding system took off, increasing in parallel with expanding human population. The original Southdown breed probably reached the United States in 1803. The staple length ranges from 1.5 to 2.5 inches (4-6 cm).[6]. Read more information about this breed below. In 1986, a breeder, Robert Mock, began a search for the sheep with bloodlines that conformed to the original Southdowns. In 1813, Arthur Young estimated 200,000 ewes were kept on the eastern South Downs and commented, "the amazing number they keep is one of the most singular circumstances in the sheep husbandry of England". As a Reference: Wikipedia. Napa sheep slaughter solved: Culprits were cougars. Tail broad and well implanted, long ribs and well extended. The sheep at birth weigh between 3.8 and 4.0 kg. This popularity is due to its ease of care and peaceful nature. However, many of the original attributes for which the original Southdowns were known were bred out. The Southdown Sheep is a medium-hair, dark-skin, antlerless breed originally from the Sussex Hills. They have quite unique types of... 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