Description. 6 Common Lawn Weeds – Identification & Treatment If you’ve ever been in charge of maintaining a garden or lawn, it sometimes feels like you’re on constant red alert. Family. A healthy lawn will require mowing very frequently. The heads (spikes) superficial resemble perennial rye-grass, but the spikelets sit flat against the stem rather than with the narrow, rounded side adjacent to the stem as in rye-grass.Black bent also has rhizomes but has a long ligule, no auricles and the heads are large, loose panicles. Summer Grass is a common fast-growing weed, found Australia-wide, that sends out shoots in all directions from its centre during conditions of high heat and humidity. We help you identify your issue and match it to the perfect product. Registered charity number 207238. The UK distribution of common couch closely follows that of cultivated land. If it’s not the weather, it’s pests; if it’s not pests, its disease; and if it’s not a disease, it’s weeds! Cynodon dactylon, known as Bermuda grass, Dhoob, dūrvā grass, ethana grass, dubo, dog's tooth grass, Bahama grass, devil's grass, couch grass, Indian doab, arugampul, grama, wiregrass and scutch grass, is a grass that is native to most of the eastern hemisphere. Common names- Winter Grass/ Annual Blue Grass Botanical name- Poa annua Identifying features- Tufted grass with shiny, dark green leaves. ... Mullumbimby Couch. Weed Identification. Couch is also resistive to many herbicides, allowing many options for selective weed control for a very clean surface. The Speckled wood prefers the dappled sunlight of woodland rides and edges, hedgerows and even gardens. The blade is 6-15 mm wide, 10-30 cm long and flat with a sharp-pointed tip. Best results are achieved with cylinder mowers. However, like common couch, hybrid varieties are still prone to the thatch layer build up. These strong growth habits also attribute to its ability to handle high amounts of traffic, whilst enabling it to recover quicker if affected by wear and stress. The Wildlife Trusts is a movement made up of 46 Wildlife Trusts: independent charities with a shared mission. How to Identify the Top 5 Lawn Grass Species. Hybrid Bermuda (Hybrid Couch Grass) Hybrid Bermudas have a very fine leaf, are quick growing and highly invasive. Prolific seeder. Tablelands, Slopes and Plains • Weeping Grass (Microlaena stipoides) 78. Collar (Orchard Grass) Reed Canary Grass. Like couch, hybrid couch has rhizomes and stolons allowing heavy renovation and scalping to dirt, to produce a finely manicured surface. Couch grass also produces flowerheads that are followed by seeds, allowing the further spread of this weed. Common names. Despite its name, annual bluegrass is a short, bright green grass that tends to grow in thin, short grass during the spring and early summer. It can creep from lawns to infest flower and vegetable beds. Common couch-grass at the 1-leaf stage. Couch also develops a brown thatch layer that can quickly build up underneath and cause scalping or unintended removal of the green leaf if not managed correctly. Very durable and self repairing, hybrid couch requires minimal water and fertilising requirements to achieve great results and is more tolerant of shaded areas compared to common couch. As a perennial weed thorough killing or eradication of the roots is necessary. Even though they seed, they are sterile but will still be quite invasive and spreads from runners. Weed Identification for Common Grass Weeds. Grass Species (Orchard Grass) Figure 13b. Although it is not native to Bermuda, it is an abundant invasive species there. Characterised by the cylindrical flower head, Timothy grass … Whether you’re overseeding an existing lawn, thinking about establishing a new lawn or reseeding bare or thinning spots, it’s important to know what kind of grass you currently have growing. References and further reading 82. If you’re not sure what variety of couch grass you have, Lawn Addicts can help with turf identification and professional lawn care programs. Occurrence: Wintergrass seed germinates in autumn. Summer Grass spreads prolifically through its stolons, with stems that can be brown or red in colour and thin grey-green leaves with fine spiky seed heads that shoot upwards. Many people are allergic to its pollen. Tablelands, Slopes and Plains. OCTOBER, 2017. Cultivated ground, grassland, roadsides and waste areas. Despite declines, its range has…, Farmland can conjure up rural images of brown hares zig-zagging across fields, chattering flocks of finches and yellowhammers singing…, Family Wildlife Trust membership, great for ideas for things to do with the kids. . It forms a loose sod. Cynodon dactylon is very widely distributed throughout the world and its exact origin is unknown. This grass has a fine texture, making the feeling soft and comfortable to the touch. FSC Grasses identification guide covers 30 species common in Britain and Ireland. Couch grass or Quackgrass can be difficult to identify in lawns – photo courtesy MSU Another common weed that looks like grass is couch grass or common couch. Grass identification: Grass color: light emerald green; Blade shape: broad leaves up to 0.5” (13 mm) wide Home / Weed Identification. Common couch is a tall, tuft-forming grass of roadside verges, waste ground and arable land. Hybrid varieties also offer better weed resistance due to a tighter canopy and gain better results from less maintenance. The sheath is split with overlapping margins. Winter Grass. Insects are only one of many potential causes for thin or brown grass. 30 to 120 cm tall grass forming tufts and spreading by far creeping underground rhizomes. Elymus repens, commonly known as couch grass, is a very common perennial species of grass native to most of Europe, Asia, the Arctic biome, and northwest Africa. However, like common couch, hybrid varieties are still prone to the thatch layer build up. Over-fertilising results in needing dethatching more regularly than normal. Hybrid couch is a broad description of many modern couch varieties. This allows it to tolerate very low mowing heights. A native species to Europe, Asia and Northern Africa, the “common” variety is the one that we’ll all be familiar with from backyards … Continue reading "A Quick Guide to Couch Grass" Common couch is characterised by having creeping, white underground stems (rhizomes), shoots with small auricles and a short ligule at the base of the leaf blade. Couch grass, Bermuda grass, quickgrass, twitch grass. In fact, you may only need to mow your lawn once a month and just water occasionally. Couch grass or twitch grass ( Elymus repens ) is an old enemy for many gardeners. Many are trademark products. Common couch, often called couch or bermuda grass, is a hard-wearing turf that recovers well from all types of abuse. 7. This is a revised version of the publication. It also appears on environmental weed lists for the wider Sydney and Blue Mountains region and the Goulburn Broken Catchment in Victoria, and is listed as a moderately invasive species in the Environmental Weeds Strategy of Western Australia. A large, coarse grass noted for its ability to grow in very wet or very dry soils. ... Can be treated with a pre-emergent spray in Spring before seed germination occurs, and post-emergent in couch species throughout Summer/Autumn. By watering your lawn deeply, you will encourage your turf to develop deep roots so it can survive periods of drought while shallow-rooted annual bluegrass will die. Some authorities regard it as being indigenous to Australia but it may have been an early introduction. While it can withstand dampness better than other varieties, Greanleas Couch Grass is known to discolor during frost, making it less common in colder climates. Some gardening experts rate tall fescue as the easiest type of lawn grass to look after. Our commitment to Equality, Diversity & Inclusion (EDI), Different types of protected wildlife sites. Even though they seed, they are sterile but will still be quite invasive and spreads from runners. A common tall fescue lawn grass cultivar is Kentucky 31. However, it does need maintenance as it can be very poor without fertilising and water. It has been brought into other mild northern climates for forage or erosion control, but is often considered a weed. Habitat. Common couch (Shown in picture, via Wikipedia) is characterised by having creeping, white underground stems (rhizomes), shoots with small auricles and a short ligule at the base of the leaf blade. Tablelands and Slopes • Windmill Grass (Chloris truncata) 80. Commonly confused with- Fescues Ease of control- Selective herbicide Hydrocotyl Timothy (Phleum pratense) Timothy grass is a popular agricultural grass and is common in a lot of pet feed. If you’re not sure what variety of couch grass you have, Lawn Addicts can help with turf identification … Historically one of the most popular lawns for Australians and their backyards, Couch grass (pronounced cooch) continues to be a top choice for both homeowners and sport clubs around the country. Nutgrass. It grows on most soil types except those with a low pH. Identify grass-weeds You can use this page to help identify the grass-weeds in your crops, and then find out about the best crop protection products to control them. Identification difficulty. Couch grass is a clump-forming perennial grass that spreads through the soil via underground stems or stolons, and is easily spread by cultivation. The final type of Couch turf available is called Wintergreen Couch Grass. Look for flat, blade-like leaves and thin flower spikes. If your lawn grass survives from year to year, identification starts with cool- or warm-season. Leaves with sparse long hairs on the upper surface. The cold temperatures found in northern lawns cause these grasses to die over winter. It is very tough and can shade out more delicate plants. Its wiry, underground stems and creeping shoots pop up around garden plants and before long can take over a bed. Other Common Name: Swamp Couch, Common Couch: Status: Widespread throughout Australia and around the world. For many homeowners there doesn’t appear to be much difference between grass species at first glance. Common native grasses of the central west catchment Common Couch Common Couch - Elymus repens. Couch responds well with care and fertilising. Common lawn grasses in the country's southern half are warm-season grasses, which peak in growth during hot summer months. Most are very similar and share characteristics, including a soft, fine-textured leaf approximately 3 mm wide and a longer growing season, with some varieties holding colour almost all year round except for frost regions. Also included is a multi-access key and code table. Common couch is a tall, tuft-forming grass of roadside verges, waste ground and arable land. The heads (spikes) superficial resemble perennial rye-grass, but the spikelets sit flat against the stem rather than with the narrow, rounded side adjacent to the stem as in rye-grass. Once you know the plant, the seeds are the tell-tale sign. COMMON GRASS WEEDS. Couch grass thrives in full sun areas, and has very strong horizontal growth. It is very tough and can shade out more delicate plants. However common turf pests (such as Couch Mite and Lawn Grub) and diseases are less active within OZTUFF Couch. Designed for use outside, this laminated fold-out guide features beautiful colour paintings of grasses. Couch is also invasive due to having rhizomes and stolons, so it needs edging and controlling – but this also allows heavy renovation for a manicured finish. However, it most probably originated in sub-Saharan Africa and/or on islands in … Weed Control Maintenance. Couch is one of the most popular lawns in Australia and has been so for a long time. Hybrid couch is also resistant to many selective herbicides. If lawn pests are found in your Couch grass then apply a suitable pesticide according to the label’s directions. Sometimes referred to as quack grass, this is another invasive species that is hardy and can propagate quickly in your lawn via rhizomes as part of a complex and fibrous root system. Mullumbimby couch (Cyperus brevifolius) was recently ranked among the 200 most invasive plants in south-eastern Queensland. Treat it. Couch has a fine leaf and has a dark green colour, has high durability and is very drought tolerant and occurs natively in many areas – all these factors contribute to its popularity. Look for flat, blade-like leaves and thin flower spikes. When to see it. It prefers heavier land but is able to spread more readily in lighter soils. A perennial sedge, Mullumbimby Couch grows in mats and has a similar appearance to grass. It’s time now to prepare your lawn for the grass weeds to come this year. Common couch is a native perennial grass found throughout the British Isles. • Water Couch (Paspalum distichum) 76. This turf establishes quickly after planting and is used on golf courses, bowling greens, tennis courts, football ovals, in domestic gardens and as pasture grass. No matter the type of grass you have, from warm season varieties like couch and buffalo grass, to bent grass and other cool season grasses, we can correctly identify common turf insects and recommend the most effective insecticides and lawn care products available online. Poaceae (Gramineae) Origin. It’s very common throughout the UK in meadows and along roadsides. 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