Yew pine (Eng.) The infertile basal scales fuse and swell to form a succulent, usually brightly colored receptacle. Female cones borne on a naked peduncle (stalk), when mature a soft, red, fleshy bead-like aril, 5-8×3-6 mm, sometimes as large as 15×15 … The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Previous Names: Podocarpus falcatus,Decussocarpus falcatus, Nageia falcate, Nageia meyeriana, Podocarpus gracillimus, Podocarpus meyerianus, Taxus falcata. An unquantified decline in the past (mostly more than three generations ago) has now virtually ceased, due to protection of remaining forests and altered forest management. Over one hundred species constitute the genus Podocarpus, a name translated as fruit-foot to describe the fleshy fruit stalk described by an early plant explorer. The cones have two to five fused cone scales, which form a fleshy, berry-like, brightly coloured receptacle at maturity. Kusamaki (クサマキ) and inumaki (犬槇) are Japanese names for this tree. The male Podocarpus blooms and releases this cytotoxic pollen in the spring and early summer. Common names: Outeniqua Yellowwood, Outeniekwageelhout, Sickle-leaved Yellowwood, small leafed Yellowwood, Common Yellowwood, Bastard yellowwood, Falcate Yellowwood, Smooth-barked Yellowwood. 50: 340. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. Buddhist pine is highly regarded as a feng shui tree in Hong Kong, giving it a very high market value. In Foliolatus, the cone is subtended by two lanceolate bracts ("foliola"), and the seed usually lacks an apical ridge. It is a popular large shrub or small tree in gardens, particularly in Japan and the Southeastern United States. The tree grows … 2) Origin: not native to North America Uses: espalier; hedge; suitable for growing indoors; large parking lot islands (> 200 square feet in size); [1], The seed cones are highly modified with the few cone scales swelling and fusing at maturity. Common Name(s): Chinese Podocarpus Shrubby Podocarpus Phonetic Spelling pod-oh-KAR-pus mak-roh-FIL-us var maw-KEE This plant has low severity poison characteristics. Kusamaki (クサマキ) and inumaki (犬槇) are Japanese names for this tree. They were used by the Māori for canoes and carving. Slabs from this specie can be wide, but often not very long. Although it is cold-hardy to as low as 15 F, it should be protect… ); sito bu hotang (KaroBatak); Java: antoh (Japara); ki bima, ki merak, ki pantjar, ki putri; Borneo: belah buloh (Lawas, Sarawak); djadjaruman (Sampit); ki beling (Sabah); Celebes: kurniah (Nokilalaki); Lesser Sunda Islands: hadjo ketong, hadju pinis rona (Flores); Moluccas: bitaö (Halmaheira); West New Guinea: aiwimunuwame… The crown forms a somewhat pyramidal to oval outline. Podocarpus alpinus is an evergreen Shrub growing to 2 m (6ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. Podocarpus gracilior (African Fern Pine) is a medium to large, coniferous evergreen tree of erect, open airy habit with pendant branches covered with narrow, fine-textured, soft gray-green leaves of fern-like appearance. The red, purple, or bluish fleshy cone (popularly called a "fruit") of most species of Podocarpus are edible, raw or cooked into jams or pies. Other common names include Japanese yew, yew pine, southern yew, yew podocarpus and podocarpus. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Podocarpus . Data related to Podocarpus macrophyllus at Wikispecies. About 100 species of evergreen coniferous trees and shrubs; bark exfoliates in strips. Threats Land clearance and It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. The cones are borne on a short stem, and have two to four scales, usually only one (sometimes two) fertile, each fertile scale bearing a single apical seed 10–15 mm. Podocarpus macrophyllus is a conifer in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). are generally dioecious, with the male pollen cones and female seed cones borne on separate individual plants, but some species may be monoecious. A taxonomic revision of the genus, This page was last edited on 31 October 2020, at 01:54. About 97 to 107 species are placed in the genus depending on the circumscription of the species. Tōtara (Podocarpus totara) Tōtara grow up to 30 metres tall, with massive trunks. ex Endl. The bark can be scaly or fibrous and peeling with vertical strips. Family Podocarpaceae Scientific Name Podocarpus grayae de Laub. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Species in family Podocarpaceae have been reshuffled a number of times based on genetic and physiological evidence, with many species formerly assigned to Podocarpus now assigned to other genera. Statistics. Podocarpus alpinus - a dwarf form with smaller and less coarse foliage than P. macrophyllus. They have a mucilaginous texture with a slightly sweet flavor. What is the common name for Podocarpus? Male Podocarpus spp. Podocarpus laetus is a species of conifer in the family Podocarpaceae, commonly known as Hall's tōtara, mountain tōtara or thin-barked tōtara. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. Register to … Common names in English include yew plum pine, Buddhist pine and fern pine. Because of its resistance to termites and water, inumaki is used for quality wooden houses in Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The African fern pine, one of relatively few conifers native to Africa, was recently separated from the genus Podocarpus into a new genus, Afrocarpus. The podocarpus aphid is recognizable by its blueish purple color (Figure 1). Small fleshy, greenish-yellow to purple, plum-like cones are produced. The fern pine originated in Africa and favors a warmer climate, doing best in USDA zones 9 through 11. It has a pale, creamy color, and it machines, cuts, and finishes well. Podocarpus Podocarpus gracilior Other common name is Fern Pine, African Fern Pine Synonym Afrocarpus gracilior, Afrocarpus elongatus Low-maintenance tree Excellent along sidewalks, in boulevards, patios, used as a privacy As the continents drifted north and became drier and hotter, podocarps and other members of the Antarctic flora generally retreated to humid regions, especially in Australia, where sclerophyll genera such as Acacia and Eucalyptus became predominant. The largest genus, Podocarpus, contains about 100 species and is commonly called yellowwood. are extremely allergenic, and have an OPALS allergy-scale rating of 10 out of 10. It is widely distributed in mountain forests of the Southern Hemisphere and occurs as far north as Mexico, southern China, and southern Japan. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Mar 18, 2018 - Explore Anthony Miller's board "Podocarpus hedge" on Pinterest. [1], The leaves are simple and flattened, and may be sessile or short petiolate. Asked by Wiki User Be the first to answer! The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. The seed is entirely covered by a fleshy modified scale known as an epimatium. Common Name: Kusamaki, Yew plum pine, Buddhist Pine, Chinese Podocarpus, Chinese Yew Pine, Japanese Yew, Souther: Family: Podocarpaceae: USDA hardiness: 8-11: Known Hazards: Superficially similar to Taxus species, but this plant is definitely not poisonous[200]. Common names in English include yew plum pine,[2] Buddhist pine, and fern pine. Podocarpus macrophyllus var. rej. Conversely, completely female Podocarpus plants have an OPALS rating of 1, and are considered "allergy-fighting", as they capture pollen while producing none. In recent years, the illegal digging of Buddhist pine has become a problem in the city. Common Name: Podocarp. Family Podocarpaceae Scientific Name Podocarpus elatus R.Br. The phyllotaxis or leaf arrangement is spiral, and may be subopposite on some shoots. Common name Mountain totara, Hall’s totara, thin-barked totara, totara-kiri-kotukutuku Synonyms Podocarpus hallii Kirk; Podocarpus cunninghamii Colenso Family Podocarpaceae Authority Podocarpus laetus Hooibr. Common garden species used for their attractive deep-green foliage and neat habits include P. macrophyllus, known commonly as Buddhist pine, fern pine, or kusamaki, P. salignus from Chile, and P. nivalis, a smaller, red-fleshy-coned shrub. [9], Podocarpus is related to yews, and as with yews, the stems, leaves, flowers, and pollen of Podocarpus are all poisonous. Podocarpus henkelii - Long-leafed Yellowwood Long-leafed Yellowwood is a slow growing evergreen tree to 25-35 feet tall and 15-20 feet wide. Podocarpus macrophylla (also called P. chinensis): kusamaki, Buddhist pine, Chinese yew, bigleaf podocarpus, swallow’s tongue pine - this Chinese native bears green or purple fruit. Trees may be referred to as male or female. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Thunb.) Each cone generally has only one seed, but may have two or rarely more. Name derivation: Podocarpus – podo (foot) karpus (fruit) referring to the fleshy receptacle on which the seed rest. The podocarpus aphid, Neophyllaphis podocarpi Takahashi, is a pest of Podocarpus species in Florida, namely the nonnative ornamental shrub Podocarpus macrophyllus (common names include bigleaf podocarpus, kusamaki, podo, Japanese yew, and southern yew) (Stamps no date). Yellow-wood. Species are distributed in the temperate forests of Tasmania, New Zealand, and southern Chile, with a few occurring in the tropical highlands of Africa and the Americas. Conifer, evergreen tree, to 100 ft (30 m) tall in its native New Zealand, probably 30 ft a landscape, dense, spreading branches, initially a bushy tree, more open with age, may attain a massive trunk. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Podocarpus . Common names for various species include "yellowwood" as well as "pine", as in the plum pine (Podocarpus elatus) or the Buddhist pine (Podocarpus macrophyllus). Podocarpus (/ˌpoʊdəˈkɑːrpəs/[2]) is a genus of conifers, the most numerous and widely distributed of the podocarp family, the Podocarpaceae. Podocarpus is used for furniture, wood turning, and specialty wood objects. Common Name: YEW PLUM PINE Status: Not Native Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens ** Not applicable or data not available. Type species, Podocarpus elongatus. Podocarpus macrophyllus is a conifer in the genus Podocarpus, family Podocarpaceae. Podocarpus macrophyllus (Buddist Pine, Chinese Yew, Fern Pine, Japanese Yew, Podocarpus, Shrubby, Shrubby Yew Podocarpus, Southern Yew, Yew Pine, Yew Plum Pine) | North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. In the wild, it can grow up to 40 ft. These are primarily included because names … It is the northernmost species of the genus, native to southern Japan and southern and eastern China. Podocarpus macrophyllus, commonly called yew plum pine or Buddhist pine, is native to mountainous areas of China and Japan. The cones are pedunculate and often solitary. Podocarpus Wood Slabs A relative of Japanese Yew, Podocarpus can grow as either a shrub or a medium-sized evergreen tree reaching up to 60 feet tall. Dense growth of fine-textured foliage makes it an attractive lawn tree or large screening Podocarpus salignus is an evergreen Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 5 m (16ft) at a slow rate. The seed is attached to the apex of the receptacle. The seed cone consists of two to five cone scales of which only the uppermost one or rarely two nearest the apex of the cone are fertile. Ecology Ripe fruits are eaten by bats, bushpigs, fruit-eating birds (Cape parrots, purple-crested, Knysna and Ross's louries, Rameron, African green and Delagorgue's pigeons). Family: Podocarpaceae. The epimatium is usually green, but may be bluish or reddish in some species.[1][8]. The Plant List The genus occurs from southern Chile north to Mexico in the Americas and from New Zealand north to Japan in the Asia-Pacific region.[1]. 1969. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Kusamaki is the state tree of Chiba Prefecture, Japan. It is in leaf all year, and the seeds ripen in October. By the Māori for canoes and carving Prumnopitys, and the Southeastern States. A pollen cone consists of a slender rachis with numerous spirally arranged around. Podocarpus gracilior, which then eat the cones and disperse the seeds ripen in October ( fruit referring. 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